floaters - what they are, possible cures and treatment options
This site is dedicated to helping you find a cure, or at least showing you how to mitigate
the effects and annoyance of your eye floaters. The pages you are reading were created
by someone who has had eye floaters himself. You may have been told, or read that "there
is nothing you can do about eye floaters, you just have to put up with them". This
is not true.
eye floaters and what causes them?
There is a clear fluid like a gel inside your eye. This is called the vitreous
humor, or just the vitreous. It fills the space between the lens of the eye at the front,
and the retina at the back. This gel is normally stagnant, and not replenished.
Floaters are floating specks or deposits caused by degeneration of the vitreous humor
itself. There can be one, or several of them suspended there. The floaters are not actually
visible, but those suffering from floaters see their shadows cast on the retina. That
is why they are dark and without color. They are often described as cobwebs, threads or
amoebae, as well as spots.
As the vitreous humor is not replaced by any normal functioning of the eye, the floaters,
once they have appeared, will remain in the eye.
Because the floaters move around in the vitreous humor, the brain can't 'tune them out'
very easily. They are particularly noticeable when you are looking at a plain blank field
of flat color, such as a clear sky, a white wall, or a blank tablet or computer desktop.
When looking at a highly detailed scene, a large TV screen or a movie, you may not be
aware of seeing the floaters at all, since they are lost among the rich visual detail
Floaters (also called 'mouches volantes') can occur at any age, thought they become more
common as you get older, and are more common in nearsighted people. They also often occur
after cataract operations.
The main cause of floaters is the degeneration of the small percentage of material in
the vitreous humor which is not water, but collagen, which forms fibrils as it breaks
down - the fibrils are the floaters whose shadows you see. Other, more serious causes
of floaters include detachment of the retina, which can cause blood spots, and bright
'flashes'. In this case seek medical advice imediately.
possible cures or treatments for eye floaters?
Having interviewed people who have had floaters in the past, it seems that the annoyance
of floaters gradually goes away over time (months or years). This is because the brain
learns eventually to ignore them, and/or because the material in the floaters becomes
more translucent with time, so that the shadows they cast on the retina are not so visible
- gray rather than black. In some cases, they seem to actually disappear.
But rather than waiting and hoping for the best, what can you actually do about them?
These options are described in detail below. If you want to follow something up or try
a treatment you can click through to independent sources of information, which are listed
on our References page. If you are suddenly seeing a lot
of floaters, you should also see a qualified eye specialist as soon as you can, to confirm
the cause is not something serious.
1. Eye drops
Can-C eye drops are often tried and recommended as a treatment for eye floaters.
The drops include N-Acetyl-L-Carnosine, which is claimed to be effective for many eye
conditions. From the product information e-book: "One of the most important developments
regarding carnosine is its ability to prevent and cure age-related cataract, and possibly
glaucoma and other chronic eye conditions. In this respect the form of carnosine used
is N-acetylcarnosine. This curative action of carnosine is perhaps related to its ability
to stimulate elimination of damaged proteins from the eye."
If you want to try these eye drops they are available .
Various herbs and over-the-counter medications are promoted or discussed as helpful in
curing eye floaters or just improving general eye health (like
Total Ocular Function spray above). You can follow the highlighted
links to read more about them. We have included all the remedies we have found that have
been claimed by users to help with their eye floaters.
If you have developed eye floaters recently, or only have them in one eye, it may be
that supporting your eye health with such supplements will prevent further floaters occuring.
It may be that when people report a 'cure' using these products, the eye floaters are
actually fading naturally and no more are appearing because sufferers have improved their
diet or lifestyle.
Lysine, Bilberry, Ginkgo
These are dealt with together here as they are often used to help blood circulation
to the eyes. These products are commonly available in pill form as over-the-counter
supplements. They are often combined with other supplements like Vitamin B complex.
There is some anectodal evidence these low-cost remedies may help. Reference.
Serrapeptase enzyme, Serraflazyme
This enzyme (actual name is Serratiopeptidase) was isolated from the gut of silkworms,
and among other effects on the human body is claimed to dissolve eye floaters. Evidence
for this is only anectodal though (Reference).
If it works for you, let us know.
Serrapeptase (Serraflazyme) is available
Some floater sufferers recommend this is taken as a supplement for its antioxidant
properties. It is often included in general supplements created to support eye health
to avoid age-related conditions of the eyes. References.
Some users have reported this has reduced their eye floaters. The supplement includes
lutein and Omega 3. References.
3. Surgery - Vitrectomy
In extreme and severe cases, where floaters are obscuring vision, or someone just can't
live with floaters any more, a vitrectomy can be done by an eye surgeon. This procedure
involves surgical removal of the vitreous gel - the eye's internal transparent jelly.
Silicone oil or a gas is injected to replace the vitreous gel, or it is replaced by saline.
After this procedure, the floaters are gone (since they were within the vitreous gel,
which has been replaced). However, this procedure often results in the development of
cataracts within a few years; there is also an immediate risk of inflammation and bleeding.
It is unlikely a vitrectomy would be recommended by an eye surgeon unless your floaters
were extremely severe and debilitating, or have become psychologically harmful.
If you want to go ahead and find a surgeon who does this, see our References.
4. Laser treatment
'Laser vitreolysis' can be used to remove floaters. An opthalmic laser is focused on
the floaters and vaporizes them. This procedure is carried out only by specialist eye
surgeons and is still quite rare. There is a claimed success rate of over 90% on thousands
of patients. References.
There is also some ongoing debate among eye specialists on whether this procedure is
5. Other options - simple things you
can do to mitigate the effects of eye floaters
From personal experience, eye floaters are worst when the environment is bright. I
find that wearing dark polarized sunglasses on bright days means I am hardly aware of
eye floaters at all. Others recommend very dark, 'wrap-around'
sunglasses to remove floaters from view.
Most computers and other devices let you adjust their brightness. Lowering the brightness
of your computer desktop, for example, will reduce the contrast with your floaters and
make them less annoying.
Some people consider fluorescent lighting 'dries out' your eyes and can be related
to floater occurrence.
One common piece of advice is to 'move your eye up and down' or 'move your eye from
side to side', the theory being that the floater's shadow will move off your direct
line of vision. This has never worked for me.
Eye floaters No More - an ebook detailing eye exercises which it is claimed will deal
with eye floaters. I have not tried this and can't vouch for it or recommend it.
If you have had success in getting rid of your floaters using any of these solutions,
or other ones, let us know.